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ChatGPT and Scientific Ethics

Scientific ethics in universities is a crucial issue nowadays. All university faculties must not break the ethics in research writing. In a common discussion, it deals with plagiarism. It can be due to being unconscious. They do not realize that they have plagiarized. For example, according to research by Bakhtiyari et al., (2014), there are some factors and one of them is accidental similarity. However, it is still considered plagiarism.

The accidental similarity is the similar sentences or words which we write but they might be still similar to another author’s ideas by chance. Or, Carver et al., (2011) called it unintentional plagiarism. Unfortunately, it remains to be considered plagiarism. So, it is really difficult to have our research writing free from plagiarism. Even though all the sentences are original expressions by ourselves, when being checked by a plagiarism machine, it remains to be plagiarism. This is the problem. We are dictated by the machine.

Fortunately today, we have Artificial Intelligence (AI) that can help us to cope with the plagiarism issue. It is ChatGPT. This application is easy to get on the internet. We can download it for free. We can also get it with the premium one, with charges. But, the benefit is really great. We can use it for making all the sentences we cite and paraphrase them. The result is original, genuine, and unique. It is much different from the cited ones.

The way how to use it is easy. First, we can cite any statement or argument by another author we get from any research in Google Scholar. Don’t forget to cite the reference by clicking the cite icon. Choose which type you prefer such as the style of APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, or Vancouver. Copy and paste it into the reference section. This is for the credit of the author we cite.

Then, we can write any statement appropriate for our research topic and theoretical framework. We can find some ideas or arguments that support the theoretical framework we use for our research. When we finish it, we can copy all and paste them on the column slot in Chat GPT. After this, we can ask the ChatGPT to rephrase the cited arguments we have done. Then wait for a few seconds, the result will be given by ChatGPT.

It is excellent because the paraphrased is much different from the cited argument expression we have originally cited. We can use it for our own research theoretical framework but we have to still cite the names of the sources we cited. However, to make us understand the gist of what we have cited, we can ask ChatGPT again to synthesize. This result is really fantastic because it is the synthesis of what we have argued based on the references we cited.

Above all, there must be a global consensus on whether paraphrasing with the help of ChatGPT is legally and scientifically ethical. How about if one product of research is totally paraphrased, becoming totally new then it is claimed to be our own? Dr. Djuwari is an Associate Professor at Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya (UNUSA), Indonesia, the editor of some research journals in the Philippines and Indonesia, also a journalist in Indonesia Post; the President of the International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers (IASPER).

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