Mercury-laced skin lighteners still sold online, NGOs claim

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November 27, 2019

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Ø 158 products tested in 12 countries: 60% contained too much mercury

Ø Some products had tens of thousands of times more mercury than legal limit

Ø International coalition of NGOs urge governments to end ‘toxic trade’

A GLOBAL alliance of nongovernment organizations (NGOs) working to eliminate mercury pollution said skin lightening creams containing mercury – a heavy metal and dangerous neurotoxin – are still widely available to purchase in shops and online, despite being banned by governments.

Testing throughout 2019, revealed 95 of the 158 products purchased in the 12 sampling countries exceeded the legal limit of 1 ppm (part per million), with mercury levels ranging from 40 ppm to over 130,000 ppm, said the group in a press statement.

More than two-thirds (65 of the 95) of those were bought online from such internet marketers as Amazon , eBay, BidorBuy, Lazada, Daraz, Flipkart and Jumia.

In the Philippines, environmental justice group BAN Toxics said mercury-laced products were also available in Divisoria and are also being sold by online sellers on Facebook.

Elena Lymberidi-Settimo Project Manager at the European Environmental Bureau and International Co-coordinator of the Zero Mercury Working Group (ZMWG) said: “Mercury is a dangerous neurotoxin which must be effectively controlled. Internet retailers like Amazon and eBay must stop these Illegal products from being sold on their sites, as they have recently pledged to do in the EU.”

In 2018, leading online retailers signed a ‘Product Safety Pledge’ to remove dangerous products.

Many of the same brands were found to contain high mercury levels on several consecutive sampling occasions, in different years, and purchased from both physical shops and via e-commerce platforms. Most were manufactured in Asia, especially in Pakistan (62%), Thailand (19%) and China (13%), according to their packaging.

Products were tested in accredited laboratories in the EU and US and using a hand-held X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer or analyzer by two regional hubs: CASE in Côte d’Ivoire (for Africa), and Ban Toxics in the Philippines (for Asia). The study did not test products from Latin America. It tested in Africa, Asia, the EU and the USA.

Over 110 countries have committed to the Minamata Convention to phase out and limit mercury, including in cosmetics.  A meeting for parties to that convention is being held in Geneva this week.

Reynalo San Juan, BAN Toxics Executive Director said: "Filipinos, particularly Filipino women, are being exposed to harm because mercury-laced products are still being made available to the public. Policies and implementation gaps must be addressed as soon as possible to prevent these mercury-laced skin lightening products from poisoning clueless individuals who buy these creams. The Philippine government must ratify the Minamata Convention to help protect the Filipino public from these kinds of merchandise.”

Michael Bender, Mercury Policy Project Director and ZMWG co-coordinator said: “Despite these illegal high mercury products being essentially banned by governments around the globe, our testing result shows the same products continuing to be sold locally and on the internet. In particular,  e-Commerce giants are not above the law and must be held accountable.”

The Zero Mercury Working Group (ZMWG) is an international coalition of more than 110 public interest environmental and health non-governmental organizations from over 55 countries from around the world formed in 2005 by the European Environmental Bureau and the Mercury Policy Project.

To address toxic trade in illegal products, the ZMWG has produced a report to assist authorities in effectively implementing the Minamata Convention. Key proposed enforcement measures include: new laws and regulations, alert systems, international and regional collaboration, inspections, penalties, engagement with online retailers and consumer outreach. The report also presents successful national examples and practices from 8 developing countries.

Dr. Shahriar Hossein from Environment and Social Development Organisation (ESDO) Bangladesh said: “These hazardous and illegal products pose a serious mercury exposure risk, especially to repeat users and their children.  We welcome the opportunity to work collaboratively with the authorities to stop the toxic trade in high mercury skin lightening creams.”


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